one delegate remained free, and the Soviet Government declared that they now no longer agreed to the continuance of a relief organisation based on a network of delegates. At the protest of the Pcli3h Govern- ment, most of the arrested delegates and the local representatives were set free (at the end of October they were made to leave the U.S.S.R.)* with the exception of some sixteen persons, who <c cculd not be traced." The Polish Embassy was permitted to continue its work of relief, only on a very reduced scale and only for such Poles as were situated near the camps of the Polish Army, mainly the families of the soldiers. When in January, 1943, the Narkomindel finally claimed every Pole in Russia as a Soviet citizen, the remaining exiles had to be left to their fate. The second batch of Polish troops left Russia in August, 1942, and with them the second and last group of civilians. The Soviet Government did not wish to release any more. The scene of this final evacuation was tragic in the extreme. When the news spread that the last section of the Polish Army was leaving Russia, thousands of Polish people from the surrounding districts flocked to the docks and station, hoping that they might be able to go with them. But the Soviet authorities would not allow one more person above the prescribed quota to leave their country. The railway trucks were closely controlled and guarded by N.K.V.D. troops and the unhappy people were threatened and driven away. Just before the last train was due to leave, General Zhukov of the Security troops of the N.K.V.D. came himself to personally verify that the trucks contained no one who was not on the prescribed list. A similar scene was repeated at the port of Krasnovodsk, where the troops and civilians had been embarked ready to ship for Iran.* The Polish Government, time and time again, tried to extract a few more of its citizens from the U.S.S.R., but invariably encountered a stubborn refusal. They did their utmost to rescue at least as many children as possible, but the result was not encouraging. In September, 1942, five hundred children were evacuated to India. On June 2, 1942, the Polish Ambassador spoke with Vyshinsky regarding a general evacua- tion of all the Polish children. Vyshinsky's attitude, however, was unfavourable and he emphasised the difficulties of transportation. On July 8, the Polish Embassy received a letter from the Narkomindel stating that the question was under consideration. In September came the answer that the Soviet Government agreed to the evacuation of some * An extract from the memoirs of M. Jankowski: As the embarkation was being completed, a boy of sixteen or seventeen years of age came running to the pier and begged the Russian guards to allow him to join the ship, but they pushed him away. The desperate boy tried to scale one of the gunnel ropes still attached to the ship;, but the guards of the N.K.V JX began to shake it violently. The hands of the exhausted boy were too weak to hold him . . » and he dropped with a crash on to the pier and broke his skull. The guards casually kicked the body in the water. Those on the ship and the thousands who had been left despairingly on the shore looked on this pitiful scene with stunned helplessness.